E497 Etruscan Revival, Double Citrine Pendant set in 18 karat Gold:


The setting of the pendant was handmade in the mid-19 century in the Etruscan Revival period of 1850 to 1860. The setting is elaborate with a double frame design around the lower natural Citrine gemstone of 12 carats and is "floating " with in the outer frame. Both gemstones are hand cut and bezel set. The outer frame with in not attached is Etruscan Revival made of 18- karat matt yellow gold. The top natural Citrine gemstone is 6 carats both of the Citrines are cushion/oval cut

History of the Citrine:
More than 450 years ago a German metallurgist by the name of Georg Bauer realized the value of a name in marketing and renamed yellow quartz “citrine”. Known to some as "the father of modern mineralogy” Bauer used the name citrine in his 1556 publication about gemstones and jewelry. The most likely root of the word citrine is from the old French word for yellow--citron--or the Latin word citrus for the color of citrus fruit. Madeira citrine is a darker, reddish-brown variety of quartz. Some say it gets its name from the Brazilian word for wood or wood-colored, while others say Madeira citrine is named after the fortified wine made in the Madeira Islands just off the coast of Portugal.
Citrine In History
Several biblical scholars feel citrine fits the description of the tenth of twelve stones in Aaron's breastplate as found in the book of Exodus. The stone was referred to as chrysolitus (Greek for golden stone) in both the Roman Catholic and Latin versions of the Old Testament. (Of course the golden stone interpretation may have been one of two other golden gems--topaz or beryl). The King James Version of the Bible points to beryl as the tenth stone in Aaron’s breastplate. In that case, the golden stone may have been heliodor, which is found in several locations including Madagascar and the African country of Namibia.
Citrine has been used as an embellishment on tools and in the jewelry making industry for thousands of years. In ancient Greece, it gained popularity as a decorative gem during the Hellenistic Age, roughly between 300 and 150 B.C. In the 17th century, Scottish weapon makers placed citrine on dagger handles, sometimes using a single large citrine crystal as the handle itself.
Largely due to Queen Victoria’s fascination with the gem, citrine became a popular gemstone for traditional Scottish kilt pins and shoulder brooches. In 1852, the British Empire’s Queen Victoria and her husband, Prince Albert, began construction on a new summer residence within a hundred yards of the 15th century fortress in the Scottish Highlands known as Balmoral Castle. (The Castle still stands today in Aberdeenshire, Scotland and is a favorite private country retreat for the current royal family). Queen Victoria was so fond of Scotland and her new Balmoral home that she commanded guests to wear full Highland plaid- attire. This gave her the perfect opportunity to share her love of gemstones found within her kingdom, of which the beautiful citrine was a favorite.

Information on Etruscan Revival Jewelry:
To understand the appeal of Etruscan Revival jewelry, you have to understand the appeal of the original Etruscan jewelry unearthed in tombs just outside Rome in the early 1800s. Intricately wrought golden earrings and necklaces were meticulously ornamented with tiny gold beads and twisted wires densely applied to the surface. Nobody had seen gold worked like that since the mysterious Etruscans had carefully buried the treasures with their dead.
The science of archeology was just beginning to fire the imagination of the world and discoveries were gleefully copied. By the middle of the century Egyptian and Renaissance revival jewelry was joined by the classical Greek and Etruscan styles. The secret to that fascinating granulation found on the Etruscan hoards was claimed to have been discovered by Fortunato Pio Castellani and he produced many replicas of archeological treasure finds using ancient techniques. His son, Augusto, continued his father’s tradition and added to the techniques with engraving and chasing, producing golden pieces with both matte and shiny surfacing detailed with corded wire, filigree, and granulation as well as Greek and Roman coins. The style spread through Europe and many famous jewelers used it to produce the elaborate jewelry the Victorians demanded.
Victorian Etruscan Revival jewelry took on every form possible, from parures (a complete set of matching pieces) to individual brooches, bracelets, lockets, necklaces, earrings, and more. 
The pendant is 1 3/4 inches tall at 3/4 of an inch at the widest area. This work of art is in excellent condition and comes with a new chain.

Price: $1,100.00