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This pendant is from Boston Mass. and is circa 1760. The gold work is marked and tested a strong 18 karat. It is a yellow gold color and is handmade by a goldsmith. The setting that hold the diamonds are Sterling Silver. Sterling was used in the Georgian time because diamonds looked better with the white medals and white gold was not used that early. Each Diamond is a rare table cut gemstone with three larger diamonds in the pendant. All are hand cut diamond using other diamonds to cut the gems. There are 20 diamonds with the center diamond being 38 points and the dangle diamond is 30 points. Both the larger diamonds are in set in a “Cup” as they should be for this period of diamond setting.
A table cut diamond is so named for the simple fact that the top is flat, like an ordinary table. Each of the four sides has a simple facet similar to a bevel.
These diamonds, although found in the 16th century, were most often utilized from the 17th through the earlier 18th century in jewelry.
When judging diamonds in antique jewelry, one must be careful not to judge antique diamonds by modern standards. Antique diamonds have a soft romantic glow that many people find very appealing. Antique diamonds typically have smaller tables, higher crowns, deeper pavilions and thicker girdles than their modern counterparts. Antique diamonds were cut to maximize carat weight, not "fire". That's why the proportions of old diamonds are quite different from their modern counterparts.
Diamonds were cut by hand until the early 1900's. This was a laborious, time-consuming process. Unfortunately, many antique diamonds have been re-cut with modern cutting techniques. This has caused demand for these old cut diamonds to soar in recent years, along with the prices that people are willing to pay for them.
All are bright diamonds in the pendant and very strongly set making this wonderful pendant fine to wear. This is a glorious Georgian (250 year old) pendant which is a rare find today.